Wednesday, March 25, 2015
The Legislature in this most recent session dealt with some very weighty and substantial issues. Interestingly, now that I am home, the one I hear about most is the Legislature's passage of SB296 which added legal protections to housing and employment law for the LGBT community.
When Amendment 3 to Utah's Constitution was overturned by a Federal Judge to allow for same-sex marriages to begin in the state, I wrote an editorial in the Standard Examiner explaining why I believed such a change in policy portended confusion for our legal system. The response I received from a vocal minority was swift and vitriolic. I was blasted as a bigot, as ignorant, or as the deceived believer in some imaginary divine being. The pointed attacks highlighted the consequences of a polarizing culture war that has been waged in our country since the sexual revolution of the 1960's.
In this culture war, we have seen the traditional values that have dictated family governance and creation redefined. We have witnessed the inversion of traditional gender roles, the view of children as liabilities instead of assets, and the devaluation of marriage as a meaningful institution. In the most recent cultural battles, we have seen the push to equate same-sex relationships with those of heterosexual ones.
A significant proportion of Utah's population, like myself, belongs to the LDS faith which has historically been very conservative in its views toward traditional marriage and same-sex issues. It seems perplexing to many that a faith which champions traditional family values would suddenly join arms with those in the LGBT camp to support a broad and seismic policy shift which on the surface seems to fly in the face of the traditional values it has supported. So with these concerns in mind, let me share with you my experience and understanding dealing with church lobbyists, my own faith, and with the policy found in SB296 itself.
There were rumors on the Hill that a "deal" had been struck between the LDS Church and the LGBT community around the first few days of March. On March 4th, a hasty press conference was called and L. Tom Perry along with D. Todd Christofferson, Apostles in the LDS Church, explicitly announced the Church's support of SB296. Troy Williams, President of Equality Utah, was also present and announced his organization's support. Meanwhile, House and Senate leadership and bill sponsors lined the wall behind the podium in support.
Interestingly, it wasn't until after the press conference that the words of the bill were released to the Legislature to read. What I read I found quite dismaying. The new definitions for "sexual orientation" and "gender identity" actually seemed to undefine them. My immediate concern was that this would lead to litigation and more hand-wringing in the courts over tortured definitions. Yet, also included in the bill were sweeping exemptions for religious institutions and their affiliates. It was clear which parties were at the negotiating table when the bill was crafted. I wondered what this meant for everyone else and questioned the necessity of such measures.
I polled the House Floor the day following the news conference to get a feel for where the bill sat in the minds of my colleagues. At that time, 44 supported the bill, 14 were opposed (which included myself) and 16 were undecided. The House had not been involved in any major discussions on this issue and none seemed to be on the horizon at that time. So, I rounded up a half dozen of my colleagues who had questions and scheduled a meeting with the pair of church lobbyists that visit the Hill periodically.
Our meeting was very frank. We each took turns asking questions about the substance of the bill and its implications. The official answer was "The Church doctrine on moral conduct has not changed. But, the Church supports this bill and supports the principle of civic non-discrimination in housing and employment." Near the end of our meeting, there was also an allusion to the fact that they believed this was the right bill at the right time and that they thought the culture wars would only get worse with time. Yet, after an hour of serious discussion and questioning, I didn't come away from the meeting feeling much better. That weekend I wrote my floor speech in opposition to the bill.
The bill then passed the Senate and a House standing committee early the following week. On March 11 the bill was ready to be debated on the House Floor. Early that morning, several of us met at an open Conservative Caucus meeting with a Senate sponsor of the bill. After listening to praises of the bill, I asked the sponsor very directly: "Why this bill? Why now?" These questions received a very intriguing response.
The Senator felt that the bill is just a piece on a bigger legal chessboard. At the U.S. Supreme Court right now is a case on same-sex marriage that will determine whether it becomes legal across the United States. According to the Senate sponsor, he believes there is a high likelihood that same-sex marriage will be made the law of the land. The Court's ruling is to be announced in June. If same-sex marriage is made the law of the land for all states, it is believed that the next legal move for LGBT activists will be to push for non-discrimination legislation in all 50 states. The effort would likely be advanced through litigation in the courts just as the marriage agenda was advanced through the courts. The Senate sponsor also indicated that he believes that the activist's efforts would likely succeed. If they did, then non-discrimination laws would be forced upon the states through judicial decree without the input of the Legislature and room for negotiation.
So, with this unsavory legal scenario in mind, the bill sponsors felt that SB296 created enough religious exemptions that it was worth enacting non-discrimination policy now rather than having to roll the dice later on a court decree that likely wouldn't allow religious exemptions. In essence, this bill attempts to back burn the front lines of a forest fire before the fire overruns and consumes all the forest.
While the explanation was illuminating, I was still unpersuaded by this argument. I spoke against the bill on the House Floor that evening because the process wasn't given proper time to work, I didn't like the vague definitions, and I am opposed to needlessly carving out new protected classes in our laws. Nevertheless, the bill passed 65-10 and the Governor signed it the following day.
Ultimately, we will find out if this legal maneuvering will pay off. The Court will rule in June on nationwide same-sex marriage. Then watch to see how the issue of anti-discrimination is pursued in the various states. Interestingly, even if we do have SB296 for now, there is nothing that would stop a Federal Judge from overturning it if he felt compelled to do so. If a Federal Judge can overturn a Constitutional Amendment that was voted into law by the direct will of the people, then overturning a nuisance bill with religious exemptions shouldn't be that difficult either.
In summary, it appears the bills sponsors felt SB296 was better for religious freedoms than risking a tsunami of unfriendly court decrees coming in the future. If they are correct, I pray for our future.
Sunday, March 15, 2015
The sprint to the finish of this year's Session was full of drama and high stakes negotiations.
Vaping, Prostitutes, and Cock Fighting
|Sen. Gene Davis presents his bill enhancing penalties for cock fighting.|
Medicaid Expansion Drama
The debate over whether to enact Healthy Utah as the Governor and Senate wanted, or to enact a more sustainable model like Utah Cares as the House proposed, could not be resolved in the time we had in the session.
|Majority Leader Jim Dunnigan spars with Minority Leader Brian King and Rep. Rebecca Chaves-Houck on Medicaid Expansion policy.|
But that doesn't mean it was a milktoast debate. On the evening of March 5th, the minority party attempted to lift the failed Healthy Utah bill from the committee which voted it down and place it on the Floor for debate. Such a motion could only be successful with majority approval of the body. The motion failed but the minority party was able to put pressure on majority party colleagues by placing them on the record with their vote. Many of these folks are in swing districts. Obviously, the majority didn't appreciate this political flanking.
|The votes on the motion to lift the dead Healthy Utah bill from committee to the Floor for debate.|
The budget this year was a bumper crop of sorts. We were able to fund education with a 4% increase in the weighted pupil unit (WPU), which is the highest increase that has been made to education funding since 2008. The Education Appropriations Chairman said,"This news comes with a congratulations...and a warning", alluding to the seasonal cycle of the economy and tax revenues and what happened after 2008.
However, the brisk funding increase didn't stop a massive protest at the Capitol demanding more funding.
|Utah Teacher's Union fills the Capitol to demand even more money after Legislature funds biggest increase in education spending in 7 years.|
The biggest social issue bill to hit the Legislature in years worked its way quickly through the Senate and the House Judiciary Committee. The bill makes sexual orientation and gender identity a protected class in regards to housing and employment. I felt the bill was unnecessary from a housing perspective. I also protested the way in which this weighty of an issue was worked so quickly through the process. You can watch my floor speech regarding this subject below:
The Senate bill sponsors, Stuart Adams and Steve Urqhardt, are standing behind me during this debate. The bill passed 65-10 (I voted against), was signed by the Governor the following evening, and is now the law of the land.
Mr. Peterson's Results
This year was a successful legislative season. All four bills that I ran passed scrutiny and are on their way to the Governor's desk for a signature. I also was also able to persuade our committee to fund Unit Reduction in Ogden's historic neighborhoods. This will go a long way toward helping Ogden catch up to the rest of the state in the way of economic development. The state will be funding the program with $750,000 of grant money this year.
End of the Session
I was able to have my wife join me for the last hours of the Session. Our work was completed at midnight. The Governor came to speak to us and then we were able to unwind for a half hour with some comedy schtick.
Rep. Ed Redd and I sang a parody version of the Beatles tune Life Goes On. Here are the lyrics that got the crowd laughing:
Dixon’s bill gives bodies to cadaver dogs.But only if they're someone no one missed.But before the Governor will sign the billHe wants to add Greg Hughes name to the list.Chorus:O Brad Dee O Brad Daw Life Goes On, Daw!O Brad Dee Daw Life Goes OnO Brad Dee O Brad Daw Life Goes On, Daw!O Brad Dee Daw Life Goes OnThurston ain't afraid to mess with Edward's billsTo make a change or even substituteShe don't know what she did to deserve all thisShe's tried so hard to make us not pollute.Arent demands action and the answers toWhy voters do not show up when they shouldLet’s face it, we know voters simply do not careUnless you tell them that they cannot burn their woodMcKay is learning to win over hearts and mindsSo he can get the votes to pass his billsBut then he spars with our ParliamentarianAnd we cast in all our 'NO' votes for the kill.Miller likes to taunt the House MajorityHe thinks that Healthy Utah is so coolWe all hope that next year he will understandWhen all of his great bills are held in Rules.Coleman wants to fill the streets with Tesla carsJohnny pouts because they don't use gasThe Senate does not like our rowdy attitudeVan Tassel'd love to come and kick us in the _(awkward silence)_.
It was a great session. I look forward to working on more issues facing our State over the summer.
Thursday, March 5, 2015
We are in the final stretch of the session with only five working days left. Tensions are high and events are happening quickly.
Hot Topic - Corrections Reform
|Rep. Eric Hutchings presents his reform proposal to Majority Caucus|
Hot Topic - Gas Tax
The House's version of a gas tax bill passed our Revenue and Taxation Committee. I voted no. The proposal takes our 24.5 cent fixed tax and replaces it with a 24.5 cent tax that is calibrated as a percentage of $1.75 per gallon. If the wholesale price of a gallon of gas rises above that amount the tax would rise accordingly as a fixed percentage of that higher price. It is effectively a sales tax with some ceilings and floors on the tax amount. The Senate passed a version of the gas tax that calls for a flat 10 cent increase in the current tax.
We expect that the House Gas Tax and the Senate Gas Tax will be morphed together to produce some hybrid bill before it is finally consideration for a vote on the floor. We will see what comes to us for final review.
Hot Topic - Religious Protection/LGBT Non-Discrimination
|L. Tom Perry speaks at LGBT non-discrimination press conference.|
Hot Topic - Healthy Utah vs. Utah Cares
|Healthy Utah is presented to committee. Bill failed 4-9|
Fortunately, the House has another plan ready, known as Utah Cares, that will cover individuals up to 100% of the Federal Poverty Level and will use the Primary Care Network to help meet basic medical needs. Utahns will have a bigger financial stake in the program and thus Utah will have greater flexibility with how the program is administered. The program utilizes more local funding and more local control. It is truly a Utah solution to providing access to healthcare for our disadvantaged population.
Mr. Peterson's Bills
HB127 - Tax Increments Amendments
I presented my tax increment bill to the House Floor. Here is video. The bill gets off to an awkward start:
SB203 - Immigrant Consultants Amendments
Senator Escamilla asked me to sponsor this bill on the House Floor since we worked together on this subject back in 2012. I was even able to plug Weber State University in the intro:
Lincoln Day Dinner
Governor Herbert and Lt. Governor Spencer Cox showed up to our Weber County Republican Lincoln Day Dinner. Glad to see them make the trip up to our neck of the woods.
The Bow Tie Caucus
Of course, it wouldn't be right to go without participating in our annual bow tie day at the Hill.
In final thoughts, it is important for Utahns to be informed on the issues and be in communication with their representatives. Due to time constraints, this will likely be the last update before the session is finished next week. If you have any issue or concern on your mind, please CONTACT ME, and let me know your thoughts. The events at the Capitol do cast a shadow over the rest of the State. Lets keep government accountable and responsive.
Monday, February 23, 2015
The House has now increased its floor debate time to four hours per day and meatier issues are working their way through the process.
The Dead Body Bill
A representative brought a bill to us that deals with how unclaimed bodies at the county morgue can be treated. The bill permits bodies to be used in forensic training. It was a creepy conversation to say the least. The bottom line is make sure you treat your friends and family well, lest you go "unclaimed".
Hot Topic - Medicaid Expansion
The House continues to mull over the options of Medicaid expansion. In a recent closed caucus meeting we discussed three options that are on the table:
1. Not Now - Wait to see how a pending Supreme Court case rules in June regarding the legality of subsides for insurance premiums in Obamacare. The case will have a significant impact on how any program is structured. The political landscape may change in 2016 and also contribute to significant changes in how the program may need to be organized.
2. Utah Cares - This option is designed to help the most medically frail and vulnerable people in the state. It costs less than the Healthy Utah plan, makes fewer people dependent on government programming, and has the least amount of fiscal risk. This option would provide the least amount of volatility in relation to Federal budget demands and the national political debate regarding heath care policy. This is the option that I support.
3. Healthy Utah - This is the option that would increase the number of people dependent on government subsidies and programming the most. It costs more than Utah Cares and relies more heavily on Federal funding. I do not support this option.
Hot Topic - Utah Seal Belt Laws
HB79 which would make leaving your seat belt unbuckled a primary offense passed our House and is now on to the Senate. You can watch the debate here with my opposing remarks around the 15:00 mark.
Hot Topic - Constitutional Convention
With the Federal Government carrying extraordinary and historic debt, there has been a movement among the states to call a Constitutional Convention of the States as prescribed in Article V of our founding document. We heard two "Article V Convention" bills to a packed room in our Revenue and Taxation committee.
You can listen to the captivating audio presentations for HJR 14 and HJR 7. I support and voted for both bills.
A mismatched photo and headline on the front page of the Salt Lake Tribune are always amusing.
Mr. Peterson's Bills
HB88 - Veterinary Practice Amendments - This bill has passed the House and Senate and sits on the Governor's desk awaiting a signature.
HB 127 - Window Egress Fairness - This bill passed committee and a vigorous inquiry on the House Floor. You can watch the debate here:
HB310 - Vintage Motorcycle Amendments
This bill passed committee unanimously, passed the House unanimously, and now moves on to the Senate. Here is video of the Floor presentation:
Look for more updates in the near future. If you have any legislative concern or issue, please CONTACT ME, and let me know your thoughts.
Friday, February 13, 2015
Activity has been picking up since the last update. Committee meeting agendas have been filled to the brim for the most part and Legislators are doing their work of vetting legislation and making edits where and when necessary.
Hot Topic - Primary Seat Belt Law
Our Law Enforcement Standing Committee heard emotional testimony about the need for primary seat belt laws. Not buckling up is already a secondary offense and you can receive a citation for not wearing your seat belt if an officer pulls you over for another violation. Rep. Perry's HB79 would make it possible for officers to pull you over simply for a seat belt violation.
The bill passed our committee but I voted against the bill. Utah already has an 83% seat belt usage rate which is higher than many other states that have primary seat belt laws on the books. I have doubts about the effectiveness of the law in increasing usage while it also raises the prospect of our citizens receiving more traffic tickets. The sponsor is working on some changes to the bill so we will watch to see how those tweaks manifest themselves before its time for floor debate.
Hot Topic - Utah's Employee Pension
In 2010, the Legislature made significant reforms to bail out the existing pension system for state employees. Utah's Retirement System is one of the healthiest in the nation, and even with that distinction, it is only 85% funded. One of the unintended consequences of the 2010 reforms was that it has negatively affected the State's ability to hire employees. Many state job positions are going unfilled right now due to stagnant wages. A bill proposed by Rep. Cunningham would change retirement policy to allow rehiring of some retired employees to fill these positions. This proposal lit a powder keg of opposition which led to a very fruitful discussion on the topic. A task force is being formed now to discuss this topic at length over the interim. It is important to maintain sound principles in funding the state pension system while also meeting the needs of state and local governments to hire and retain quality employees.
Hot Topic - The Gas Tax
Our Gas Tax is currently a fixed dollar amount and has not been increased since 1997. In that time, inflation has eroded the real value of that fixed amount by over 30%. As time has moved forward, the funds from the gas tax has also become insufficient to pay for the roads it was intended to fund. So, a reset is proposed this year to bring the gas tax in line with road maintenance costs. There are a couple proposals. One is to simply increase the tax by 10-cents to make up for the lost real value since 1997. The other is to convert the gas tax into a percentage sales tax based on today's gasoline prices. The sales tax method would treat gasoline very similarly to other retail goods and services that are purchased everyday. Both ideas are currently being vetted. I would prefer to significantly reduce the gas tax and instead base road taxes on vehicle miles driven. Gas consumption is a rough approximation of usage but doesn't account for hybrid and other alternate fuel vehicles that use the roads. A VMD model would tie taxes to road usage directly.
Mr. Peterson's Bills
HB88 - Veterinary Practice Amendments
This bill passed the house unanimously. You can watch the pun-laced floor presentation here:
The bill also passed a Senate standing committee and will soon be heard on the Senate Floor.
HB 127 - Local Land Use Amendments
My bill to exempt owners of old homes from onerous city requirements regarding basement egress windows has passed a committee unanimously. It is scheduled to be heard on the House Floor soon.
This bill was brought to me by a constituent and will include vintage motorcycles in the list of vehicles given special treatment due to their age.
We spent some time recently passing our base budget bills. These bills will maintain government operations in the unlikely event that complete chaos erupts and prevents the House and Senate from agreeing on final terms for the remaining budget items that need to be negotiated.
Our appropriations subcommittee made its final recommendations to the Executive Appropriations Committee. Here were our committee priorities for one-time and ongoing funding:
I am happy to report that both of my requests made it to the top half of the one-time list. Our committee had been allotted $18.4M to prioritize. After reducing many of the requested amounts, we were able to fund nearly all the entities who made requests. My request to fund a grant writer for the Utah Historic Railroad Museums was recommended with full funds intact at $200,000. My request for $2.5M for Ogden City Historic Preservation and Unit Reduction was reduced to $1.25M. While I wish we could increase that, I am fully aware of the realities of the many competing interests needing attention. I prefer to view this as the glass half-full.
A proposed Constitutional Amendment recently made it out of our Revenue and Taxation committee with awkward changes and edits. The bill as proposed would insert our State's name into the Oath of Office. But, the edits in committee swapped the Utah and U.S. Constitutions so that Utah was first in the Oath. That edit is decidedly non-traditional and half of our committee squirmed when the amendment passed. To fix this, I proposed a substitute on the House Floor. You can watch that video here:
Tuesday, February 3, 2015
The 2014 General Session has begun in earnest. Our first day was full of ceremony and memorials as Greg Hughes took the gavel to serve as our new Speaker of the House. Of course, due respect was given to Becky Lockhart and her family. Traditionally, the former Speaker will swear in the new Speaker. We were grateful to have an elder statesman in Rob Bishop (a former Speaker of the House himself) to do the honors in lieu of Speaker Lockhart's absence.
Since I am serving as the Vice Chair of the Revenue and Taxation Committee this year, leadership asked me and all the Chairs and Vice Chairs to do some follow up training on conducting committee meetings.
Of course, it wouldn't have been proper to retire from the Third House without a formal sendoff of my replacement. Here is video of me embarrassing my good friend Steve Handy after business was concluded for the day:
I leave the Third House with mixed feelings. It was a tremendous amount of work and required large amounts of energy. Yet, the relief it brought to the House, I felt, was an important element that healed wounds after days of difficult debate and contention. I will miss the job, but look forward to new experiences. For memory's sake, here is a "Best Of" video from 2014.
The week's meetings then began in earnest. Our appropriations subcommittees began hearing from Department Directors on how they planned to reduce their budgets by 2%. This budget reduction review exercise forces each department to take a hard look at their programs and cut waste. Many Directors we heard from were prepared and demonstrated an ability to meet the challenge. Others were less agreeable to the proposition and presented some creative accounting gymnastics in order to accomplish the task. We have been taking notes and will be budgeting based on the reports we are receiving.
Mr. Peterson's Bills Update
HB88 - Veterinary Practice Amendments - This bill was heard at committee and passed out unanimously. You can listen to the presentation HERE.
HB127 - Municipal Land Use Amendments - This bill is being clarified after the League of Cities and Towns asked to change some language to better align with its intent. We are working on some refinements which should be ready in the next few days.
HB204 - Tax Increment Amendments - This bill is also being clarified after the League of Cities and Towns asked for some time to review the impact it had on RDAs and bonding. We should have these issues resolved in the next few days as well.
Mr. Peterson's Appropriations Update
Ogden Historic Preservation and Unit Reduction - I have been speaking to members of my committee which will hear our formal presentation in a couple weeks. The proposal appears to be received warmly and the members I have spoken to understand the impact the request has for preserving state history while also moving Ogden forward as an flagship community in Northern Utah. I look forward to making our formal presentation in the coming weeks.
Utah Railroad Museum Authority Grant Writer Funding - I have requested that the Legislature fund a grant writer for our state railroad museums. The purpose is to use the skills of the grant writer to solicit grant funds outside of the state. These funds will allow the museums to enhance their offerings to the public and also become self-funding through the grant writing process.
Wood Burning Ban - I predicted the outright ban proposal would be DOA after we seeing the first public hearing on the subject. If the ban were to be implemented, the Legislature would certainly react to undo it. The executive branch can't risk that kind of political repudiation. So, the ban will morph into a much softer form if it survives at all.
Income Tax Increase - The proposal to tax your income an additional 2% failed in committee. Your wallets are safe for now.
Clean Air - We recently held a press conference outlining bills affecting cleaner air the state. One initiative includes converting state owned buses to natural gas. There is a laundry list of other bills so we will keep our eyes on how they progress.
This concludes the first update. If you have any legislative issues or concerns, don't hesitate to CONTACT ME.
NOTE: We get a lot of emails from folks outside of Utah. Please be sure to include your full name and property address in any correspondence so we can weed out the not-so-real constituents from any correspondence you send. Thanks!
Thursday, January 22, 2015
When the news announced recently that Speaker Becky Lockhart was critically ill, I was taken aback. The suddenness of her illness seemed puzzling and remarkable to me. Her vitality and energetic spirit seemed so incongruent with such an affliction. But, when the news came shortly thereafter that she had passed from her illness, I was in complete disbelief. I giant hole was left in my heart.
As Legislators, we see each other every month or so at official gatherings. But, due to the holidays, it had been a couple months since I last saw Becky. Her passing came so quickly and unexpectedly that the news felt like a cruel hoax. But, that feeling was immediately extinguished today at her memorial held at the Capitol. I can barely relate the feeling of seeing her husband Stan and their children walk into the Rotunda without her. It was at that moment that somber disbelief transformed into poignant grief.
Nevertheless, the memorial services were beautiful. They celebrated Becky's many accomplishments as a mother, wife, and political leader. Her daughter spoke with conviction, maturity, and hope. Ryan Wilcox sang a beautiful rendition of Be Still My Soul. The other speakers, including the Governor, gave beautiful spiritual messages that inspired and edified the soul.
The memorial has helped me to begin healing the wound of Becky's untimely departure. She has left many of us with wonderful memories. On the opening day of the General Session, the Legislature will be presenting a book of memories written by Legislators who served with Becky. I wanted to share an experience that wasn't about the regular political grind that we usually experience together. Here is the story I submitted:
My most memorable experience with Becky was at NCSL Atlanta in 2013. After dinner one evening, Ryan Wilcox coaxed Becky and me into accompanying him on a hunt for Georgia peaches. It appeared we were in luck because supposedly there was a giant indoor Farmer's Market about six miles from our hotel and it was open 24 hours a day. So, from the restaurant, we walked in the dark to the nearest hotel where a line of cab drivers were eager to serve. Dressed professionally as we were, the taxi supervisor guided us to a specific driver to send us on our way. Once we were in the cab though, we knew were in trouble. Our driver spoke fluent Ethiopian but not enough english to understand the directions we were giving him. Neither was he accustomed to the taxi GPS map system in his vehicle. Nevertheless, as we struggled to communicate, the taxi started moving and we were on our way…to somewhere. Ryan, in a mix of good humor and exasperation, began using the GPS on his phone to instruct the driver where to turn. We were travelling at speeds far in excess of what was safe for the curves in the road. Becky was holding on tightly to the door grips as the driver pushed our small sedan to its limits. Our driver was lost and driving erratically in the dark streets of unknown neighborhoods. Finally, after driving through run down streets and ominous looking industrial parks, we stopped to call the Farmers Market for directions. That was the moment they informed us that the peach vendor had packed up and gone home for the evening. Becky, Ryan, and I were completely flummoxed. We failed in our mission. To add insult to injury, we had to instruct our driver on how to get back to the hotel. When we arrived the meter stopped running. The driver turned to us for payment. The whole terrifying adventure cost us $75.
I pray for the comfort of Becky's family as they move forward in her absence. As a man of faith, I know that they will ultimately be reunited, even if the temporary separation may grieve the heart. Becky would have wanted us to keep our chin up and press forward. The Legislature will honor that as we work with diligence and carry out the duties of our office. Her memory will echo in the Chamber of the House and the hearts of those who are privileged to call her a friend and colleague.